Dutch East Indies
During that era, the East Indies portion now called "Indonesia" fell under Dutch colonial control and therefore was referred to as Dutch East Indies.
An early 18th century Dutch map from a time when only the north coastal ports of Java were well known to the Dutch. Independence Period: On August 17, 1945, Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta proclaimed the independent Republic of Indonesia with Sukarno as president and Hatta as vice president.
Indonesia is famous for its tropical beaches, imposing volcanoes, as well as historical and religious sites that exude a local charm. Indonesia is an archipelago, which means that it consists of a culmination of 17,000 unique islands. They are diverse from each other, with different cultures and geographical features.
The economy of Indonesia is one of the emerging market economies in the world and the largest in Southeast Asia. As an upper-middle income country and member of the G20, Indonesia is classified as a newly industrialized country.
The Netherlands Government ruled the colony from 1816 to 1941, before the Japanese occupation which lasted until 1945. An Independent republic, Indonesia, was proclaimed on 17 August 1945.
As early as the 1st century CE Indonesian vessels made trade voyages as far as Africa. Picture: a ship carved on Borobudur, c. 800 CE. Fossilised remains of Homo erectus and his tools, popularly known as the "Java Man", suggest the Indonesian archipelago was inhabited at least 1.5 million years ago.
General. Indonesia ranked 83 out of 169, Good Country Index 2022. Indonesia hosts 10 UNESCO's World Heritage Sites and holds 12 items UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage. Freedom in the World: partly free (2021).
Indonesia's gross national income per person is $4,180 and India's is about half that: both are “lower middle-income” economies.
The economy of Vietnam is a developing mixed socialist-oriented market economy, which is the 36th-largest in the world as measured by nominal gross domestic product (GDP) and 26th-largest in the world as measured by purchasing power parity (PPP) in 2022.
The large diversity of countries considered part of the Third World — from Indonesia to Afghanistan — ranged widely from economically primitive to economically advanced and from politically non-aligned to Soviet- or Western-leaning. An argument could also be made for how parts of the U.S. are more like the Third World.
The Empire of Japan occupied the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during World War II from March 1942 until after the end of the war in September 1945. It was one of the most crucial and important periods in modern Indonesian history.
The pretext for the invasion was Japan's ongoing war with China, which began in 1937. By occupying Vietnam, Tokyo hoped to close off China's southern border and halt its supply of weapons and materials.
This is the oldest evidence for the presence of early humans in Indonesia. Fossilised remains of Homo erectus in Indonesia, popularly known as the "Java Man" were first discovered by the Dutch anatomist Eugène Dubois at Trinil in 1891, and are at least 700,000 years old.
History. While evidence of writing in Java dates to the Sanskrit Tarumanegara inscription of 450 CE, the oldest example written entirely in Javanese, called the Sukabumi inscription, is dated 25 March 804 CE.
Indonesia is a middle power in Asia. Indonesia is one of only six countries in the region to register an upward change in its overall score, albeit below pre-pandemic levels. Indonesia performs best in the resilience and diplomatic influence measures, ranking seventh for both.
Economy. Indonesia has a GDP per capita of $11,400 as of 2020, while in Thailand, the GDP per capita is $17,300 as of 2020.
Worldwide gross domestic product in 2021 was at about 12,282 USD per capita. GDP in Indonesia, on the other hand, reached USD 4,334 per capita, or 1.187 trillion USD for the whole country. Indonesia is therefore one of the world's largest economies and is currently at rank 16.
The United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Western European nations and their allies represented the "First World", while the Soviet Union, China, Cuba, North Korea, Vietnam and their allies represented the "Second World".
Vietnam has one of the oldest and most continuous histories of any nation. The area has been inhabited by some of the world's earliest societies. The needs to control flooding along the Red River and fight off invaders caused the inhabitants to form one cohesive government early on in 2879 BC.
First world nations are those described as highly-developed industrialized, technologically-advanced, educated, and wealthy. In contrast to developing (second world) and less-developed (third world) countries, the first world is seen to enjoy many benefits such as a relatively high quality of life and prosperity.
While the label is somewhat imprecise, the United States and Canada, Western European countries, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and South Korea have long been considered first-world countries.
Japan invaded Indonesia mainly to secure oil for the war effort. Japan's main reason for invading Indonesia was to secure the oil it needed for the war effort. Japan wanted to secure Indonesia's oil, so it made various preparations just before the World War II started.
The 1945-46 War in Vietnam, codenamed Operation Masterdom by the British, and also known as the Southern Resistance War (Vietnamese: Nam Bộ kháng chiến) by the Vietnamese, was a post–World War II armed conflict involving a largely British-Indian and French task force and Japanese troops from the Southern Expeditionary …
During World War II (1939–1945), Japan stationed a large number of soldiers in Vietnam and reduced French influence. The Việt Minh also contested the growing Japanese influence. Late in WW II the United States gave limited assistance to the Việt Minh to assist it in its struggle against the Japanese.
Series. The oldest and most extensive written language of Southeast Asia is Old Javanese, or Kawi. It is the oldest language in terms of written records, and the most extensive in the number and variety of its texts.